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吃饭礼仪小知识

来源:湘西菜谱    时间:2019-04-17




  在中国和世界上的许多国家,吃都是一种文化,都要注意吃饭得礼仪小知识。那么,下面是学习啦为大家准备的吃饭礼仪小知识,希望可以帮助大家!

  吃饭礼仪小知识

  一、宴请敬酒礼仪

  1、主人先为主宾、长辈斟酒。

  2、主人为客人倒酒时,客人以手扶杯或行叩指礼表示致谢。

  3、首次敬酒由主人提议,客人不宜抢先。

  4、不应劝酒,不要交叉碰杯。

  二、就餐礼仪

  1、筷子不能插在饭碗里,不能搁在碗上,不能用自己使用的筷子为别人夹菜。

  2、闭嘴咀嚼,吃东西不要发出声响。

  3、嘴里嚼着食物不要和旁边的人说话。

  4、鱼刺和骨头不要吐在桌子上。

  5、切忌用手指剔牙,使用牙签剔牙要用手遮掩。

  三、自助餐礼仪

  1、取餐按照餐厅设定的方向排队,不可逆向行进,更不可插队。

  2、根据个人食量取菜,一次不可取太多,避免面前摆放多个盛满食物的餐盘。

  3、宴请聚会,应等同桌所有人取完菜落座后,一起开始用餐。

  4、不要将所取食物带出餐厅。

  10个欧洲就餐礼仪小知识

  1Watch Your Hands and Elbows

  时刻注意你的手放在哪

  I’m sure you’ve heard of this. Keeping your elbows on the table is poor manners. However, especially in France, you should also be careful to keep your hands visible throughout the meal, instead of pl治疗癫痫病要多少费用acing them on your lap. You can accomplish this by resting your wrists on the edge of the table.

  西方的餐桌礼仪很重视手的位置。把手肘放在餐桌上cos沉思者在外国是很不礼貌的做法。然而对于你的双手,情况则有所不同,人们被要求保持双手放置在人们的可视范围内而不是把它放在你的腿上,特别是法国相当注意这些小细节。比较轻松的方法是,把双手自然地放在餐桌的边缘,这样就足够优雅啦。

  2 Avoid Switching Utensils between Hands

  不要随便交换餐具

  Europeans eat using the Continental style – you hold your fork with your left hand and your knife with your right hand. You then eat with the fork still in your left hand. You should avoid zigzagging back and forth as you switch the utensils between your hands.

  对西方餐桌礼仪有所了解的小伙伴一定听过“左手拿叉,右手拿刀”这句话,除了谨记刀叉的正确位子更要注意在吃饭途中可不要随便交换它们哦。

  3Chew with your mouth closed

  绝不张开嘴巴咀嚼

  People who chew with their mouth open are often unaware of it. So pay close attention to whether you are chewing with your mouth open when you eat. If you are, please stop. Eat as quietly as possible. The smacking and crunching noises need to go when河北去哪家医院可以治好癫痫病 dining in Europe.

  其实很多人的张嘴咀嚼时无意识行为,当你开始吃饭时,要注意一下自己是不是正在做这样的事情,要是发现了,赶紧停下来。安静地进食也是西方餐桌一个重要的礼仪,尽量避免发出任何噪声。4

  Use your Indoor Voice

  轻声说话

  Whether you’re calling the waiter over or asking your dinner companions to pass the bread basket, keep the tone soft and subtle. Speak at lower volumes. Calling the waiter out loud like you do in China, certainly does not work in Europe.

  当时你需要呼叫服务员或者让你的朋友帮你递下餐桌上的面包时,尽量小声说话。也许有些小伙伴习惯大声呼叫服务员,但是在西方国家,轻声就足够了哦。

  5 Always Cut Your Food (One at a Time)

  刀不离手【咦?】

  In most European countries, utensils are always used, even when eating food that you may think of as “finger foods”, like pizza. Yes, you should not eat pizza with your hands, rather, cut the pizza. If you do not want to appear as if you are feeding a baby, avoid cutting up your entire meal all at once, for instance, a steak. You should only cut a few pieces of food at a time, or better yet, cut only the pie昆明军海脑科医院被授予 “‘脑健康七彩慈善基金’指定医疗机构”称号ce you plan to eat, one at a time.

  哈哈,看到上面这个短语,是不是有小伙伴被吓到了。别怕别怕,这只是一个你需要掌握的小小礼仪而已。在很多西方国家,人们习惯用餐具吃饭,即使是很小的食物,像是披萨,也不会用手拿着吃,一定是将它切开。如果你不想表现的像是有一个小宝宝等着你的喂食,千万别一次性就把食物切成碎块,像是牛排这样的食物,记住每次只切几片,或者更礼貌的方法是,吃多少就切多少。

  6Never lick your fingers or any utensils

  手指和餐具上的食物可不好吃哦

  Always use a napkin to remove food from your fingers, never ever lick your fingers. Same is applied with utensils, do not lick your utensils when dining in Europe, and don’t forget to NOT put your knife in your mouth.

  当你发现有食物不小心碰到了你的手指,千万不要去舔它,用餐巾擦干净就好了。相同的礼仪也包括各种餐具,特别是别用餐刀进食。

  7Do not speak with your mouth full

  咽下去,再说话

  A mouth full of food is not only unpleasant to see but makes conversation difficult to hear too. So, make sure not to talk with food in your mouth. You should also remember to wait until your dining companions have finished chewing before asking them a question.

  让大家“欣赏”你嘴巴里的景色可不是那么愉快的事情哦,同时含着食物说话也容易说的含含著名的局灶性癫痫病专科医院糊糊无法传达正确的信息。所以,咽下去,再说话啦,节约时间也不怕差这一小会的

  8Do not blow on your food to cool it down

  你的食物不需要人工降温哦

  Avoid blowing on your hot food to cool it down. Instead, wait for it to cool itself.

  热腾腾的食物不方便直接入口,大家可不要心急去吹它们哦,等它们自然冷却才是正确的做法,老祖宗都讲过啦“心急吃不了热豆腐”。

  9Never Stoop to Eat Your Food

  别向你的食物鞠躬

  If you are used to hunching over or bending over to eat your food, stop the habit. When dining in Europe, you should always sit up straight and scoop the food up to your mouth rather than stooping over.

  虽然我们应该感谢大自然赐给我们这些美味的食物,大家也不需要弯着腰,弓着身去靠近你的盘子,给它们“鞠躬”哦。挺直腰板,自然地用勺子舀起食物才是标准做法。

  10 Do Not Bolt your Food 不要狼吞虎咽

  Manners in Europe are more formal than many other countries. You should eat your food slowly and savor it. Avoid stuffing your mouth full with food, regardless of how hungry you are.

  西方的餐桌礼仪比起其他地区要正式很多,最后一个重要的礼仪是,不要狼吞虎咽的吃饭。一个绅士/淑女,需要在任何时候(饿得前胸贴后背也一样)细嚼慢咽,优雅地进食哦。

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